Fact Sheet: Pomegranate

Image credit: zenm www.flickr.com/photos/zenm
Image credit: zenm www.flickr.com/photos/zenm

Common Name: Pomegranate

Botanical name: Punica granatum


A shrubby tree that is deciduous in cooler climates, and evergreen in warmer climates, with large edible and highly ornamental fruits, growing to 5m high and as wide.


Originating from Iran and Afghanistan in ancient times, today the pomegranate is grown from the tropics to very cold climates and is favoured in the Mediterranean diet. Extremely drought tolerant, yet watering will greatly improve fruit yield.


Grown as a single trunk with four or five main branches. Pruning of vigorous growth will keep the tree tidy.


  • Cool winters
  • Very hot and dry summers
  • Most soil types

Doesn’t like

  • Cool summers (poor fruit size)

Flowers in

Spring – Summer

Fruits in

Late Autumn



Plant the dormant tree in full sun.


Self-fertile, requires another tree to increase yields but is not required.


Pomegranates sucker profusely, remove all suckers continually. Fruit on short spurs or shoots at the end of branches for 3-4 years. Shorten to renew fruiting wood. Cut untidy and leggy growth. Winter and summer.

Disease and pest management

The fruit is susceptible to fungal rot.


Maintain water from flowering to fruit, reduce watering as fruits ripen.


Low feeder, high nitrogen NPK fertiliser if growth is inadequate.


Pick fruit in late autumn before heavy rain which will split fruit. Be gentle as the fruit will bruise easily. Fruit will store for a month or two.

Pomegranate table