The Fruit Tree Folk | Apples
The Fruit Tree Folk provide specialist advice, complete management and care for fruit trees in private and community gardens.
Fruit Tree Folk, fruit tree, pruning, harvesting, tree care, apple, pear, lemon, lime, plum, olive,
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Fact Sheet: Apples

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Common Name: Apple

Botanical name: Malus domestica

Summary

Deciduous large tree that offers good ornamental summer sun protection and winter form, can be trained into any form to suit any back yard.

 

A highly-cultivated genus in the Rosaceae family which includes Pears, Quinces and Stone fruit. Originating in central Asia from the crab apple.

 

Jonathon, Granny Smith, and Golden delicious are common in Melbourne backyards.

Likes

  • Full sun, protection from extreme afternoon summer heat
  • Animal manure (potassium/potash)

Doesn’t like 

  • Warm winter

Flowers in

  • Middle to late spring

Fruits in

  • January – June

Care

Planting

Bare rooted in winter.

Pollination

Most are self-fertile, Jonathon’s pollinate mostly alone. A few (Gravenstein etc.) require a pollinator companion.

Pruning

Responds well to most shapes and ideas. Thin fruitlets to avoid biennial fruiting and to promote size and quality. Apples fruit mostly on spurs with some also fruiting on short two year old side growth (e.g.: Granny Smith).

Disease and pest management

Codling moth (i.e. banding of trunk with insect tape, or honey traps), aphids, mites, possums and birds. Keep open to light and air movement.

Moisture

During flowering and fruit set and as fruit ripen.

Feeding

Autumn and spring.

Harvesting

Late January – June, when easily removed with a gentle twist.

Apple table